Specialists in bespoke training and research
Use our cultural expertise to understand, improve and change your workplace culture. Specialists in masculine workplaces. Research, training and consultancy in all masculine workplaces including police and fire service with a particular emphasis on formal and informal cultures, modernisation, entreprenerial thinking, change management, resistance, racism, sexism and equality.   Women fire fighters, women in the fire service police, policing and equality in the police and fire service - the fitting-in website where academia and the fire service can meet to discuss fire service culture and other matters- a resource for research and consultancy for the fire and rescue service and firefighters and police and policing- Organised by Dr Dave Baigent this site provides a place to share and publish your own research, to look at what others have written about the fire and police service and to ask about our commercial offerings.


Academics are not the experts, managers are the experts but what fitting-in can do is to help managers to use their expertise.

Theory without practice is a waste - Practice without theory may just be dumb!


Older alphabetical list of Contributors. If you have something for Fitting-in to publish then email it to us

For the most uptodate publications follow this link


Azarang Mirkhah, P. E.  (1998) Challenges Confronting the Application of Performance Based Fire & Life Safety Codes, Thesis for Master of Public Administration University of Nevada, Las Vegas, .


Azarang Mirkhah, P.E. (1998) Preparing For The Performance Based Fire & Life Safety Codes,


Azarang Mirkhah, P.E. (1999) At The Dawn Of The New Millennium,


Azarang Mirkhah, P.E. (2002) 1947 President's Conference on Fire Prevention


Baigent, D. (2001) One More Last Working Class Hero: a cultural audit of the UK fire service. Or if you would like a version with endnotes .


Baigent, D.  (1996)  Who rings the bell?  A gender study looking at the British Fire Service, its firefighters and equal opportunities, dissertation for BA (hons): Department of Sociology and Politics; APU Cambridge, on request


Baigent, D (2000) A gap worth bridging: a critique of the notion that officer's gain from their experience of having been firefighter's


Baigent, D.  (2001) Papers developed from a doctorial thesis that provides a considerable description of the fire service and which reveals details that have never before been written down.  The main purpose of the thesis is to help the fire service to understand how its structures affect equal opportunities.  One finding is that the fire service is institutionally conservative to the extent that the way officers and firefighters defend their organisation will inevitably prevent attempts to provide a diverse workforce,


Baigent, D. (2000) amended 2007 What is masculinity?


Bethke, E. (2002) Geographic profiling of Peterborough arson cases of 2000 and 2001: preliminary data analysis and manual crime mapping, dissertation for BA (hons) Department of Forensic Science; APU, Cambridge,


BARBER, G. (2002) What effect does the introduction of a new model of learning into the fire brigade have on the people involved? a reflection,


Boniwell, R.  BA (Hons) GIFireE DMgt (2001) Expanding equal opportunities into Dorset Fire and Rescue Service, dissertation for DMgt,


Bonney, J. MBA BA(Hons) AIFireE MIMgt (1995) What Makes for Effective Performance?


Caplen, K (2004) "Women Firefighters: Comparing and contrasting recent employment experiences in the U.K. and the U.S.A"


Christian, S. D. (2001) (PhD) A Study to identify the incidence in the United Kingdom of long-term sequelae following exposure to carbon monoxide,   Don Christian is a Visiting Professor at the University of Ulster.


Christian, S. D. (2002) Recent actions within Europe in respect of the use of chemical flame-retardant,


Couch, S. (2002) The Relevance of Traditional Leadership Paradigms for the Essex Fire and Rescue Service in the 21st Century

Cox, I. (2001) Role Call: A comparative study of the purpose and role of Station Commanders in England and in Denmark, dissertation for BCC: The Fire Service College,


Cunningham, T. (2003) And the Children Slept: An Independent Investigative study concerning reports of non-arousal by Children to Activated Smoke Detection Alarms and Related Research,

Day, G.  MBA  MIFireE (2000) Change Management: a case study of a change programme undertaken by West Sussex Fire Brigade, unpublished dissertation for MBA, University of Brighton,


Day, G.  MBA  MIFireE (2001) Composite materials in modern aircraft: The risk to firefighters,


Dowling, D. MEd MIFireE MIMgt (2002) Human Behaviour: Learned Irrelevance,


Doyle, J.  Mphil (1996) The management of improved performance in the fire service, MPhil Thesis, Department of Industrial Technology; University of Bradford


Durkin, J.  MSc.  BSc. (hons) (2001)Stress who does it affect, reproduced by kind permission of Fire,


Eady, T. (1995) ‘Mid-Life Crisis’ In Fitness Within The Fire Service Workforce,

Ericson Mathias from Sweden writes about eqaulity in the Swedish Fire Service www.fitting-in/c/ericson.pdf and www.fitting-in/c/ericson.htm


Falconer, D. (1999) Churchill Fellowship. Urban Search and Rescue, (this is a large pdf file give it time to download)

Jon Fisher. Developing Strategic Capability: The County Fire and Rescue Service is in need of a training strategy, would the model adopted by the County Police give the service a strategy fit for the modernised Fire Service , Dissertation for an MBA Brighton University.

Howell, M.  MBA MCGI MIFireE  (1994) Women firefighters ‘the inequality gap’, dissertation for MBA:  The Business School; University of Hertfordshire,


Howell, M.  MBA MCGI MIFireE (1996) Fire service culture, asset of burden?, dissertation for BCC: Moreton in Marsh: The Fire Service College,


Jeffs, P (1999) The Winston Churchill Memorial trust NRMA - ACT Road Safety Trust Fellowship 1999 The Management and Transport of Hazardous Materials,  (this is a large pdf file give it time to download)


Jones, P. (1995) MIFireE Churchill Fellowship Report. Fire Investigation: can the results benefit the community?   (this is a large pdf file give it time to download)


Johnson, Alex. (2004) Positive Action Negative Effect: a study into the negatvie effects of positive action on moinority grouops in The British Fire Service.

Jeans, T.  (2001) MA DPhil MInstP CPhys FRSA Visiting Fellow at the Fire Service College provides a note about City and Guilds Awards.


Mankkinen, T. (2001) The nature of work and of work communality of Finnish fire fighters undergoing transition,


Mankkinen, J. (2001) Firefighters’ Career Planning,


Marsden, J. (2000)         BSC      Full Scale Compartment Fire Tests and the Interaction Between Roof and Sidewall Vents,


Muckett, M. (2000) MBA, MIFireE, MIOSH, DMS (Dist) Mobilising The Community Forging Links, Adding Value: Bringing Volunteers Into The Fire Service To Make Communities Safer, Dissertation For Bcc, 


McGuirk, S (2002) Are We Serious A strategic approach to long term equality and diversity in the UK Fire Service. A discussion document


O'Connor, S. (2006) The Individual In The Fire Service; A study of the changing context of the white male heterosexual firefighter in the fire service, exploring gender, culture new forms of institutional control and effects on self-identity, dissertation for BA Honours in Public Service Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge




Public Service Degree  

Richards, L.  (1996) Firefighting- dousing the flames of equality: a study of the social and physical factors affecting the recruitment of women as firefighters, dissertation for BCC: Moreton in Marsh: The Fire Service College,


Rolph, C. (2005) Design or Default: An analysis of the role Strategic Human Resource Management plays in modernising the Fire & Rescue Service.Management plays in modernising the Fire & Rescue Service, Dissertation for MA Kingston Business School Kingston University.


Rolph, C.  MA (2000) Up the greasy pole, dissertation for MA: Department of business studies APU,


Sargent, V (2002) Cool Guys Who Are Good Guys’: Cultural Representations of Firefighters as Heroes,


Shawcross, V.  MA (2001) Fire safety first - Protecting diverse communities from fire: Address by Valerie Shawcross, Chair of the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority (LFEPA) LGA Fire Conference - 28 March 2001,


Singh J. (2002) MAKING A DIFFERENCE: A Study of Under-Representation in UK and USA Fire Services

Vinton, B. (2002) Topography Training Within The Fire Service: ‘From Visualisation To Total Recall’,



Wigglesworth, A.  BSc, MBA, GIFireE. (2001) The fire-fighter gender issue as seen on TV: How likely is it that the televised fire fighter will influence viewers to conclude that firefighting is a male occupation?


Wilsher, P (2002) Equal Opportunities, Sexism and the Fire Service:  a critical investigation into under-representation of women within a county fire service, dissertation for BA (hons),  www.fitting-in.com/wilsher.pdf


Williams, G.  MIFireE, MIMgt, ChFl, CIETecRI.  Ostrich crisis management doesn’t work - prepare now! www.fitting-in.com/geoffwilliams.htm.


Wood, L. (2002) A Sociological Exploration of the Occupational Culture of the Fire Service and Women’s Place Within It, unpublished MSc Sociology by Research; University Of Edinburgh, www.fitting-in.com/wood.htm 


Wright, T. (2005) A comparison of the experiences of lesbians and heterosexual women in a non-traditionally female occupation, the fire service:

Home -- 'A fire station for all' and other Swedish Work
Recent index of contributions on fire service matter -- Older index of contributions
Workshops on fire service culture and equality -- Educational Workshops -- Consultancy
Elite briefing/workshops --- Academic Reference Point -- Are you big enough to stand a snapshot cultural audit from fitting-in -- Cultural Audits ---- Audit Commission Report   'Rising to the Challenge' -- Snapshot Audits -- Research -- Problem solving by  fitting-in -- Support for degrees and masters qualifications -- Work completed over the years -- Impact AssessmentsEquality Action Plan
Labour Government's Equality and Diversity Strategy
One Decade On - Survey on women firefighters
C&LG firefighters survey 08
Draft papers for reading
Main Index
Contact us
Some things from Australia on equality
Melbourne DiversityConference
CV & References
Have you seen Ethos?
Audit Commission on equality
How do I send my writing to fitting-in for publication
What does fitting-in publish
How do I do research - some basic tips
Writing a bibliography
Reports from Government
Diversity Strategy
Contact us
Synopsis of papers on Open Government

References: See what The Swedish Fire Service, South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue, Merseyside Fire and Rescue, Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Fire Services, Swedish MSB and Tom Carroll (Past president of CFOA ) and others have said.

Fitting-in can provide a cultural audit that not only feeds back on attitudes in your service it also provides an outside view on how your organisation is thinking at all levels that is supported by recommendations for focussing change.This is what Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service had to say about the Ethos research, communications and training project:

"The Service are delighted with the research and reports produced by "Fitting-in. We believe that your original hypothesis and work undertaken in Merseyside has resulted in a ground breaking piece of work that can only serve to inform the wider fire and rescue communities." 

For further information or just to talk about what fitting-in can provide ring Dr Dave Baigent (FIFireE) 07802 495 329 or email

Academic theory without practice is a waste - practice without theory may just be dumb

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