Specialists in bespoke training and research
Use our cultural expertise to understand, improve and change your workplace culture. Specialists in masculine workplaces. Research, training and consultancy in all masculine workplaces including police and fire service with a particular emphasis on formal and informal cultures, modernisation, entreprenerial thinking, change management, resistance, racism, sexism and equality.   Women fire fighters, women in the fire service police, policing and equality in the police and fire service - the fitting-in website where academia and the fire service can meet to discuss fire service culture and other matters- a resource for research and consultancy for the fire and rescue service and firefighters and police and policing- Organised by Dr Dave Baigent this site provides a place to share and publish your own research, to look at what others have written about the fire and police service and to ask about our commercial offerings.

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Academics are not the experts, managers are the experts but what fitting-in can do is to help managers to use their expertise.

Theory without practice is a waste - Practice without theory may just be dumb!

 

CV's follow for Dave Baigent and Sarah O'Connor

Dr Dave Baigent

BA (Hons) FHEA. FIFireE

Email dave.baigent@fitting-in.com

07802 495 329

 

Sarah O'Connor

PGCE BA (Hons) FdA

Email sarah.oconnor@fitting-in.com

 

 

 

 

Dr. Dave Baigent BA Honours, FIFireE, FHEA, PhD dave.baigent@fitting-in.com  

I can work with you to help you understand more about your organisation.

I have a lifetime’s experience of working, researching, training, teaching and consultancy in and on the fire and rescue service. Since 1993 my 31 year's operational experience as a fire figher and FBU representative has extended to the academic - researching all uniformed public services and teaching students on a public service course that I wrote and lead until 2010.

I am now a Cambridge City Councillor and I continue to research and write on fire service culture

History

For over thirty years I worked as an operational officer with the London Fire Brigade, serving for over 20 of them as a Station Officer at Tottenham and Edmonton fire stations. At a more strategic level I also spent much of my service as a Fire Brigades Union official serving as Area Secretary and then as London's representative on the Officers National Committee.

On retirement (1993) I studied at Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge to complete a BA (Hons) in Sociology and Politics and research for my Doctorate (on fire service culture). This period of education provided me with the opportunity to change from - in my words, “a sexist, racist, homophobe to someone who now more fully understands the results and reasons of such difficult attitudes and their results for the individual and the service they work in.” 

Fitting-in

I am the founding director of Fitting-in, a teaching and training consultancy that basis all its work on research. Using my academic experience at Anglia Ruskin Cambridge and international expertise on fire service culture(s), the range of services offered includes:

  • specialist education packages designed specifically for you

  • snapshot audits to report on new ideas and reconsider old difficulties;

  • customised workshop programmes that provides a range of packages to achieve three outcomes in one

    • to set strategy,

    • to build and develop teams

    • to develop academic skills

     

  • a range of other educational and training opportunities
  • research opportunities.

Examples can be provided from our work in Sweden, Merseyside, South Yorkshire, Local Government Association, Northamptonshire and Cambridgeshire. I also work with other organisations but to date this work remains confidential.

Although our research is based on academic standards we do not live in an ivory tower and we are not 'long on rhetoric and short on answers'.

Currently writing two chapters for two books on fire service culture

Between 2009 and 2014 Sarah and I have been deeply involved in a five year project in Sweden to support the employment of women firefighters. The MSB have said

"Fitting-in with their unique insight into real world fire service culture and a firm theoretical base in academia provided the MSB (The Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency) with invaluable expert advice and assistance in developing a national action plan targeted at increasing equality and diversity in the Swedish fire service."

In 2010 we completed a cultural audit of South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service Perceptions: what is believed to be true can become true in its consequences

Our 2010 cultural audit for South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service looked at how managers can improve relations with the workforce. This is what CFO Mark Smitherman had to say about our work

"South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue was very pleased with the outcome of our involvement with Fitting-in; as it says on their tin, "managers in the emergency services are the experts - What fitting-in can do is help managers to use their expertise" and Dave and Sarah worked very well with us to challenge imbedded perceptions and cultural history within the service during a very intense period of change within South Yorkshire. The result is a far more rounded and pragmatic collective understanding of where we want to be as an organisation – a challenging process, but very worthwhile."

We have an extensive portfolio with Merseyside Fire and Rescue, where we developed the Ethos project, which seeks to reconcile cultural difficulties in the fire service. The research has identified that it is possible to ameliorate the difficult cultural processes that turn new firefighters into people who resist change and modernisation.

This is what Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service had to say about the Ethos research, communications and training project:

"The Service are delighted with the research and reports produced by "Fitting-in. We believe that your original hypothesis and work undertaken in Merseyside has resulted in a ground breaking piece of work that can only serve to inform the wider fire and rescue communities." 

Fitting-in also hosts the very successful http://www.fitting-in.com website that freely publishes international research on the fire and rescue service.

I also offer assistance to a number of national and international students studying for a range of awards.

Academic

Until 2010 I was a principal lecturer at Anglia Ruskin University Cambridge where I wrote and taught on the UK’s first Public Service Degrees. The FdA and BA Honours in Public Service are designed to help potential new entrants and existing members of the emergency services with the critical skills necessary to run tomorrow’s uniformed services.

The degree takes a critical view of all the emergency services.  In particular it focuses on understanding service and cultural reaction to modernisation, community participation, service delivery, leadership, change management, modernisation, trade union relations, politics equality and diversity.

To support the Public Service Degree, I also established the UK’s first social science based fire service research unit at Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge. This unit has been responsible for a number of research projects, including the influential Sunrise report on initial training. Additionally the unit submits reports to government committees on the fire service and is approved by the CAA for auditing airport fire services.

My academic portfolio is based around my research based teaching. In the wider sense my academic specialities feature formal and informal work cultures, masculinity and gender construction. From a more focussed perspective I research and teach on the effects and influences of formal and informal work cultures, change management and leadership, the social construction of masculinity and gender, equality, and women's experience in the fire and rescue service.

International

2012 and 2013

Sarah and I continue work done in 2009 to the current day on a considerable programme for change with the Swedish Fire Service . A central feature of this work was the idea of a fire station for all which Dave developed for Sweden and featured centrally in a Swedish Government Report and in their whole programme for the employment of women as firefighters.

See reference provided by

2011:

LGA: 'Fire and Rescue Services: Going the extra mile' (2011). LGA commissioned fitting-in to provide an audit of national responses to government austerity measures: Presented to the LGA Annual Conference 20011.

2010:

We have also presented to the LGA Equality Network on our analysis of how 'Localism' would influence the equality agenda. The presentation, including the feedback from the interactive session, are available on the LGA website. We are available to carry out similar work in your service.

The Chair of the network Cllr Brenda Forster said:

Fitting-in provided an excellent and informative presentation, with many attendees giving it very positive feedback. The information on fire service culture was very interesting and the interactive session provided some good insights for the attendees

LGA Annual Conference 2010 - Fitting-in workshop on fire service culture

2009

ReadRight: action research fellowship on educating non traditional students

 

2008

    • Invited speaker at the Essex Equality Week

    • Inspire Learning and Teaching Fellow: ReadRight: seeking ways to encourage non traditional students to participate fully in education.

2007

• ‘Gender, Work and Organisation,’ Keele

Diversity in Organisations, Communities and Nations,’ Amsterdam

In October 2007 I was an invited speaker for three sessions at the Diversity in Emergency Services Conference in Melbourne. Australia - for details of my speeches go to

2006

I took part in the delivery of two international conferences:
• At the Avon “Women as Leaders in the Fire and Rescue Service” I chaired a series of workshops on the subject of “Jobs for the boys” and reported back to the plenary.
• At the “Leading Improvement through Leadership” conference at the Fire Service College I sat on the round table debate on equality

During 2004 I was a research fellow working in Australia as a researcher/guest of the University of Western Australia and New South Wales Fire Brigades (Sydney). During this visit I presented a paper at the AFAC annual conference in Perth.

Assisting researchers

I continually assist international researchers with their work on the fire service.

The assistance I have given students, researchers and employers in the UK, USA, Australia and Scandinavia indicates that the fire service may have a ‘universal’ informal culture: a culture that each generation of (masculine) firefighters keeps in trust for the next generation. Amongst the values this informal culture celebrates are some difficult areas around white working class masculinity and some ultra conservative attitudes about change. It is this difficult area of informal cultural values and the modernisation project that my work concentrates on.

Education and Employment

 

Education

Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge
1997-2001 Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis provides a cultural audit of the UK fire service: a qualitative sociological study of masculinity, equality and gender, which also involved research in the police and the military.
Available at http://fitting-in.com/baigent.pdf
1993-1996 BA (hons) Sociology and Politics
Dissertation provides an overview on female firefighters and equal opportunities in the UK fire service.
Available at http://fitting-in.com/diss.htm

Professional Qualifications

1970 Graduate Member of the Institute of Fire Engineers

EMPLOYMENT

 

December 2001 to the current day

Director: Fire Service Research & Training Unit
Principal Lecturer Public Service Degree Anglia Ruskin University
External Examiner BA Hons and HND in Public Service Swansea Institute

2001

Contract Researcher Anglia Ruskin University
Module Leader for Feminist Theory Anglia Ruskin University

1996 2001

Lecturer in Public and Emergency Services West Herts College.
Module Leader for Politics, Sociology and Equal Opportunities at BTEC National and HND level Public Service qualifications.
Work Placement Supervisor.
Supervisor: Residential Trips and Visits.
Year Tutor: final year students.

1962-1993

London Fire Brigade.

1962-1966 Firefighter.
1966-1970 L. Firefighter.
1970-1972 Sub Officer.
1972-1993 Station Officer.

Political Service

Councillor 1986-90

Cambridge City Councillor 2014 onwards

WRITING AND PRESENTATIONS

Baigent, D. (1996) Who Rings the Bell? A Gender Study Looking at the British Fire
Service, its Firefighters and Equal Opportunities, Cambridge: available at www.fitting-in.com/diss.

Baigent, D. (1999) 'Fitting-in' Fire Service Research Conference, Fire Service College Moreton in Marsh.
Baigent, D. (2000) 'Do officers gain from having a shared experience with firefighters' Fire Service Research Conference, Fire Service College Moreton in Marsh.

Baigent, D. (2001a) One More Last Working Class Hero: a cultural audit of the UK fire service, Cambridge: Fitting-in. Available at http://www.fitting-in.com/baigent.pdf.
Baigent, D. (2001b) 'Gender Relations, Masculinities and the Fire Service: a qualitative study of firefighters' constructions of masculinity during firefighting and in their social relations of work' Department of Sociology and Politics: Anglia Ruskin University.Cambridge
Baigent, D. (2001c) 'Against the Flow: Firefighters Working Against Cultural Colonisation' Work Employment and Society Conference, Nottingham.
Baigent, D. (2001d) 'Firefighting men can do it can women do it too' Fire Service Research Conference, Fire Service College Moreton in Marsh
Baigent, D. (2001e) 'Questioning the notion that officers gain from their experience of having been firefighters', Fire Command and Management November.
Baigent, D. (2001f) 'Firefighting: a masculinity in crisis' Gender Theory Study Group, Cambridge.
Baigent, D. (2001g) 'Firefighting: a masculinity in crisis' British Sociological Association Annual Conference, Manchester.
Baigent, D. (2001h) 'Experience Versus Degree', Fire 93(1150): 23-24.

Baigent, D. (2002a) 'Fire Service Culture' Fire Service Conference, Fire Service College Moreton in Marsh.
Baigent, D., with Rolph, C. (2002b) Fitting-in: a cultural audit of recruitment, training and integration in the fire service. Part one: The first 14 weeks, Cambridge: Fitting-in
Baigent, D. (2003a) 'Memorandum by The Fire Service Research and Training Unit, Cambridge (FIR 12) to the
Select Committee on Office of the Deputy Prime Minister: Housing, Planning, Local Government and the Regions, available at http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200203/cmselect/cmodpm/1168/1168we16.htm'.
Baigent, D. with Hill, R., Ling, T., Skinner, D., Rolph, C and Watson, A. (2003b) 'Sunrise: a new dawn in training' Fire Service Research Conference, Fire Service College Moreton in Marsh.
Baigent, D., with Hill, R., Ling, T., Skinner, D., Rolph, C and Watson, A. (2003c) Sunrise a New Dawn in Training: training today's firefighters as the emergency workers for tomorrow, Cambridge: Anglia Ruskin University. available at www.fitting-in.com/sunrise.pdf.
Baigent, D. (2004a) 'Fitting-in: the conflation of firefighting, male domination, and harassment', in J. G. a. P. Morgan (ed) In the Company of Men: re-discovering the links between sexual harassment and male domination., Boston: North Eastern University Press.
Baigent, D. (2004b) 'Firefighting men can do it can women do it too' Australian Fire Authorities Annual Conference, Perth.
Baigent, D. (2004c) 'The secret fire-fighter: revelations of inequality in the fire service,' Local Government Association Annual Conference (Fire), Manchester, UK.
Baigent, D. (2005a) 'New Managerialism, Masculine Managers and a Masculine Business,' Gender Work and Organisation, Keele.
Baigent, D. (2005b) 'New managerialism, masculine managers and a masculine business (how gender may be key in attempts to manage the UK fire service), paper presented at the Gender Work and Organisation Conference, Keele June.'

Baigent, D. (2006a) 'One Decade On: summary of data collected, available at http://www.fitting-in.com/decade/summary.doc'.http://www.fitting-in.com/decade/summary.doc 16-5-06
Baigent, D. (2006b) 'One Decade On: ethics statement, available at http://www.fitting-in./decadecom/e.htm'.http://www.fitting-in./decadecom/e.htm
Baigent, D. (2006c) 'Memorandum by the Fire Service Research and Training Unit tothe Select Committee on Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, available at http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200506/cmselect/cmodpm/872/872we47.htm'.
Baigent, D. (2006d) 'One Decade On: early summary of data on shift systems available at http://www.fitting-in.com/decade/shifts.pdf' accessed 16-8-06
Baigent, D. (2006e) 'Shift Changes: what women really want', Fire August(2006).
Baigent, D. (2006f) 'Public Servants and free choice: an early debate about the influences of structure and agency.'http://www.fitting-in.com/structureagency 25-9-06
Baigent, D., Dolan, K., Marks, T. and O'Connor, S. (2006g) Three students and their Fd Leader write about their experience of a Foundation Degree in Public Service at Anglia Ruskin University: Foundation Degree Forward. available at http://www.fdf.ac.uk/uploads/fdfcasestudy.pdf
Baigent, D. (2006). 'Shift Changes: what women really want', Fire August(2006).

Baigent, D. (2007a). "An early debate on how social norms and values provide the rules that form the structures for Public Servants (work in progress last update on 2-8-07) http://www.fitting-in.com/z/a/2structureagency.doc accessed on ****."
Baigent, D. (2007b). "Public Servants and free choice: an early debate about the influences of structure and agency." Retrieved 25-9-06, from http://www.fitting-in.com/structureagency.
Baigent, D. (2007c). "Public Service Workers and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (work in progress), downloaded from http://web.anglia.ac.uk/publicservice/studentsnotes/1modules/job%20one/3%20week%20three%20handout%20maslow%20adapted%20from%20boeree.doc on *****."
Baigent, D. (2007d). "Quotes." from downloaded from www.fitting-in.com/z/a/quotes on 9-10-07.
Baigent, D. (2007e). Speech to Melbourne Diversity in Emergency Services Conference, 31-11-07
Baigent, D. (2007f). Stopping the Drip. Gender Work and Organisation. Keele.
Baigent, D. O'Connor, S. and Evans, B. (2007a). Ethos 1
Baigent, D. and O'Connor, S. and Evans, B. (2007b). Ethos 2

Baigent, D. and O'Connor, S. (2008a). Submission to the C&LG Equality and Diversity Strategy Cambridge, Fitting-in.
Baigent, D. and O'Connor, S. (2008b). Submission to the D&CLG Framework Strategy. Cambridge, Fitting-in.

Baigent, D., O'Connor, S., et al. (2008). Ethos 3 - in draft.

Baigent, D. (forthcoming). "Book review: On the Fireline: Living and Dying with Wildland Firefighters." Journal of Risk Research.

Baigent, D and O'Connor, S (2009) ReadRight: report of an Inspire Research Fellowship into improving access to education for non-traditional students

Baigent, D and O'Connor, S (2010) Perceptions: what is believed to be true can become true in its consequences
Baigent, D. 2009 'On the right path to a truly professional Service?', Fire(July): 40-42.

Baigent, D and O'Connor, S (2011) LGA: 'Fire and Rescue Services: Going the extra mile'

Baigent, D. and O'Connor, S. 2011 'NorthWest Frontier: a confidential cultural audit of an English Fire Service'.

Baigent, D. and al, e. 2012 'Baigent, D with Brunzell, L and Granqvist, L. (2012) ‘En brandstation för alla’', Fire July/August.

Baigent, D (2014) A sociologist’s view of the ‘Fire Fit’ draft report

Sarah O'Connor BA Hons. PGCE, Curriculum Vitae

Educational Background - Present

PhD
Sarah is undertaking PhD on fire service managers and management at the Kent University.

Sarah completed a Foundation degree in Public Service in 2003 and became the highest scoring student on the BA (Hons) degree in Public Service when she graduated in 2004.

Since graduating Sarah has pursed her passion for teaching by attaining her Post Graduate Certificate in Education. Sarah has taught students at various levels until she left Anglia in 2010.

International
Sarah has researched and co-delivered a range of papers with Dave Baigent in relation to equal opportunities in the fire service

Diversity in Organisations, Communities and Nations,’ Amsterdam.

Skills Audit
The BA (Hons) Degree provided Sarah with the skills to:

• pursue her enthusiasm for researching into the changing and resilient culture of the fire service

• explore ways of developing the change needed in line with government objectives in relation to the 're-invention' of the fire service.

• to evaluate the cost of change to all individuals in the fire service

• to help re-build the framework of individual and watch identities.

Sarah applies her knowledge of sociological theory to ‘real events’ and her real skill may be demonstrated in the use of ‘abstract conceptualisation’.
Research experience has led Sarah to develop a wide understanding of the multi-faceted tensions in the developing fire and rescue service. Sarah's real passion is in trying to create the space for individuals to develop and re-align a sense of self- identity within the complex cultural arrangements that exist, whilst not loosing sight that public service is under constant pressure from government to modernise.

Sarah works with Dr Baigent to promote a reconciliation of competing cultures within an environment of pressurised change.

Sarah is joint author of a series of Ethos Reports- the research based report that suggests new ways of answering the question that most Chief Fire Officers ask - “Why is it that the values and attitudes held by firefighters when they join the fire service, almost seem predisposed to change from the day they commence training?” Contact Dave Baigent about these exciting reports, which have been completed for the ******* Fire and Rescue Service and hopefully will be made public released soon
O'Connor, S. (2004) The Individual In The Fire Service: A study of the changing context of the white male heterosexual firefighter in the fire service, exploring gender, culture new forms of institutional control and effects on self-identity, Dissertation for BA Honours in Public Service Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge.

Baigent, D., Dolan, K., Marks, T. and O'Connor, S. (2006g) Three students and their Fd Leader write about their experience of a Foundation Degree in Public Service at Anglia Ruskin University: Foundation Degree Forward. available at http://www.fdf.ac.uk/uploads/fdfcasestudy.pdf

Baigent, D. and O'Connor, S. (2008a). Submission to the C&LG Equality and Diversity Strategy Cambridge, Fitting-in.
Baigent, D. and O'Connor, S. (2008b). Submission to the D&CLG Framework Strategy. Cambridge, Fitting-in.
Baigent, D. (2008a) 'Culture, the formal and the informal'. DOI:
Baigent, D. (2008b) 'One Decade on: data on the harassment of women in the UK Fire and Rescue Service (work in progress) http://www.fitting-in.com/decade/harassment.doc'. DOI:
Baigent, D. (forthcoming). 'The need to have accepted core values'.
Baigent, D., O'Connor, S., et al. (2008). Ethos 3 - in draft.

Baigent, D. and O'Connor, S. (2008a). Submission to the C&LG Equality and Diversity Strategy Cambridge, Fitting-in.
Baigent, D. and O'Connor, S. (2008b). Submission to the D&CLG Framework Strategy. Cambridge, Fitting-in.

Baigent, D., O'Connor, S., et al. (2008). Ethos 3 - in draft.

Baigent, D. (forthcoming). "Book review: On the Fireline: Living and Dying with Wildland Firefighters." Journal of Risk Research.

Baigent, D and O'Connor, S (2009) ReadRight: report of an Inspire Research Fellowship into improving access to education for non-traditional students

Baigent, D and O'Connor, S (2010) Perceptions: what is believed to be true can become true in its consequences

Baigent, D. 2009 'On the right path to a truly professional Service?', Fire(July): 40-42.

Baigent, D and O'Connor, S (2011) LGA: 'Fire and Rescue Services: Going the extra mile'

Baigent, D. and O'Connor, S. 2011 'NorthWest Frontier: a confidential cultural audit of an English Fire Service'.

Baigent, D. and al, e. 2012 'Baigent, D with Brunzell, L and Granqvist, L. (2012) ‘En brandstation för alla’', Fire July/August.

 
 
Home -- 'A fire station for all' and other Swedish Work
Recent index of contributions on fire service matter -- Older index of contributions
Workshops on fire service culture and equality -- Educational Workshops -- Consultancy
Elite briefing/workshops --- Academic Reference Point -- Are you big enough to stand a snapshot cultural audit from fitting-in -- Cultural Audits ---- Audit Commission Report   'Rising to the Challenge' -- Snapshot Audits -- Research -- Problem solving by  fitting-in -- Support for degrees and masters qualifications -- Work completed over the years -- Impact AssessmentsEquality Action Plan
Labour Government's Equality and Diversity Strategy
One Decade On - Survey on women firefighters
C&LG firefighters survey 08
Draft papers for reading
Reports
Main Index
Contact us
Some things from Australia on equality
Melbourne DiversityConference
CV & References
Have you seen Ethos?
Audit Commission on equality
How do I send my writing to fitting-in for publication
What does fitting-in publish
How do I do research - some basic tips
Writing a bibliography
Home
Testimonials/References
Reports from Government
Diversity Strategy
Stats
Contact us
Wiki
Synopsis of papers on Open Government
 

References: See what The Swedish Fire Service, South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue, Merseyside Fire and Rescue, Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Fire Services, Swedish MSB and Tom Carroll (Past president of CFOA ) and others have said.

Fitting-in can provide a cultural audit that not only feeds back on attitudes in your service it also provides an outside view on how your organisation is thinking at all levels that is supported by recommendations for focussing change.This is what Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service had to say about the Ethos research, communications and training project:

"The Service are delighted with the research and reports produced by "Fitting-in. We believe that your original hypothesis and work undertaken in Merseyside has resulted in a ground breaking piece of work that can only serve to inform the wider fire and rescue communities." 

For further information or just to talk about what fitting-in can provide ring Dr Dave Baigent (FIFireE) 07802 495 329 or email

Academic theory without practice is a waste - practice without theory may just be dumb

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